Implantation process

Written by Dr Andre Menard dds   

Treatment Stages

CLINICAL AND RADIOLOGICAL EXAM

In preparation for one or more implants, your dentist will do a thorough examination of your gums, teeth and jawbone. X-rays will then be taken to determine if the amount and density of bone present in the jaw is sufficient to proceed with dental implant surgery.

 If there is not enough bone, the surgeon may consider performing a bone graft.

There are two stages in the dental implant process: the surgical stage and the prosthetic stage.

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SURGICAL STAGE

#1 Placement of the implants

This stage entails the insertion of one or more dental implant cylinders into the jawbone. The cylinder serves as the tooth root, or anchor, and is made of titanium or ceramic. These materials are biocompatible, which means they are able to fuse with the bone and gum tissue.

#2 Healing

After placement of the implant, the gum over the implant is sutured. This healing period, often referred to as “nursing”, allows the bone to heal around the implant and usually takes from three to six months. The time required for healing depends upon the bone quality and the location of the implant. This outpatient surgery, performed under local anaesthesia, takes between one and two hours after which the patient can go home.

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PROSTHETIC STAGE

Creation of the Prosthesis

 After the gum has healed (from three to six months), it is then reopened to expose the dental implant onto which an intermediate artificial tooth is attached. Detailed impressions of the jaw (implants and gum line) are then made which are used to make the crown - your realistic-looking artificial tooth (prosthesis). The laboratory will create a crown (when one tooth is missing), a bridge or a full denture (in the loss of many teeth) in the shape and colour of the adjacent teeth.

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PLACING THE FINAL ARTIFICIAL TOOTH

 Once the implant prosthesis and healing period are finished, the final crown is placed on the dental implant. After a few minor adjustments, you will feel the same sensation as you had with your natural teeth.

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Frequently Asked Questions about Mini-Implants

What is a dental implant?

A dental implant is an artificial root, cylindrical in shape, made of titanium and embedded in the jawbone. It resembles a screw. The dental implant serves as a root replacement for a missing tooth and acts as a support for a crown, a bridge or a removable implant prosthesis. Unlike a bridge, implants allow for the replacement of one or more missing teeth without putting pressure on adjacent teeth.

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Is this intervention painful?

The interventions are performed under local anaesthesia, just as in the treatment of dental cavities. As with interventions of this nature, the treated area may be swollen for few days, but any pain or discomfort diminishes quickly, especially with the aid of a mild analgesic.

 

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